Quinta Vale do Olmo is located in Mêda, Douro Superior. The altitude of the vineyards varies between 530 and 600 mts.
Mêda is located in a transition zone from granitic and schist soils. The soil of the estate is schistous, however it contains traces of the region’s granitic soils which in combination with the altitude of the vineyards gives minerality to the wines produced at the estate.
The climate is very dry throughout the year, with low levels of precipitation. Budbreak normally occurs in early April, weeks later than usual in the Douro valley. In fact, due to the longer winters, the Quinta Vale do Olmo vineyards cycle delays 2 to 3 weeks in relation to the rest of the Douro valley.
During the summer, the thermal amplitude between days and nights promotes good phenolic and alcoholic maturation while also maintaining a high acidity and low pH.
The Estate, whose first plantations date back to the first half of the twentieth century, was restructured in the mid-1980s of the last century, with indigenous varieties because they are the ones that best adapt to soils, climate and agricultural practices; Rabigato, Viosinho, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Esgana Cão, Códega in white grapes and Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Tinta Barroca, Tinto Cão in red grapes.
The dry climate, the schist soils with granitic tones, the altitude, the low rainfall as well as the diversity of native grape varieties result in a unique terroir in the panorama of the Douro Valley. These characteristics decreases the risk of pests and diseases that are not as intense as in other parts of Portugal or even in the Douro Valley, enabling sustainable agriculture practices.